Bookmark and Share

Alice Walker

The Color Purple

An essay by Danette Di Marco of Slippery Rock University discussing this novel and the film adaptation, as well as Walker's autobiographical The Same River Twice.

Possessing the Secret of Joy

An essay by Geneva Cobb Moore analyzing how Walker incorporates Jungian concepts - archetypal patterns of the ego and the anima/animus - into her narrative.


A chapter from Mother Without Child: Contemporary Fiction and the Crisis of Motherhood by Elaine Tuttle Hansen examining both positive and negative depictions of motherhood in this novel and Toni Morrison's Beloved.

Horace Walpole

The Castle of Otranto

An essay by Clifford J. Kurkowski which sets out to accurately define the term Gothic before examining how Gothic features manifest themselves in Walpole's novel.

Sylvia Townsend Warner

The Flint Anchor

In this essay Jennifer P. Nesbitt, an Assistant Professor at Penn State York, investigates the presence of decolonization in this novel and Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys.

Sarah Waters


An essay by Kathleen A. Miller of the University of Delaware exploring gender and sexuality, and their relationship to nineteenth-century pornography in this book.


Academic article by Rachel Carroll, a lecturer at the University of Teesside, analyzing the relationship between same sex desire and the fantastical in Waters's narrative.

Evelyn Waugh

Vile Bodies

An academic article by Denise O'Dea which considers this novel as a parody of conventional romance as opposed to comedy or satire. The text is compared with Stephen Fry's film adaptation and several excerpts are analyzed.

Men at Arms

An in-depth review for The Atlantic Monthy by novelist Penelope Lively of the first book in Waugh's Sword of Honour trilogy.

Fay Weldon

Letters to Alice

A paper by Vanesa Manhire of the University of Otago which explores the concept of didactic literature and how Weldon's narrative deconstructs didacticism.

H.G. Wells

The Time Machine

An academic article by Patrick Parrinder which asserts that this novel is primarily a response "to the break-up of classical realism at the end of the nineteenth century".
An academic article by Alex Eisenstein which explores Wells's speculations on evolution and how they manifest themselves in this novel.

Irvine Welsh


An academic article by Dougal McNeill of Sophia University examining Welsh's narrative style, particularly the 'Bad Blood' section of this novel, with excerpts.

Marabou Stork Nightmares

A paper by Carole Jones which examines the theme of the white male as victim and its representation in Welsh's novel and William McIlvanney's Docherty.


A review essay of this novel by Matthew Hart of the University of Pennsylvania investigating nationality and Welsh's depiction of a post-Thatcherite Scottish identity.

Edith Wharton

The Age of Innocence

A chapter from Dwelling in the Text: Houses in American Fiction by Marilyn R. Chandler which discusses the relationship between Wharton's scathing depictions of class structures and rituals, and overelaborated late-Victorian architecture.

The House of Mirth

A paper by Dr. Ali H. Abureesh of Umm Al-Qura University which applies a Jungian analysis to study the causes and effects of the heroine's psychological disintegration.
An essay by Lahoucine Ouzgane of the University of Alberta examining Wharton's novel through René Girard's theory of 'mimetic desire' and literary scholar and philosopher Eric Gans's writings on Generative Anthropology.

The Reef

An academic article by Pat Menon, arguing that in this novel Wharton was able to harmonize two contrasting approaches to life: the 'pragmatic' and the 'idealist'.

Antonia White

Frost in May

An essay by Andrea Peterson of the University of Birmingham which explores the representation of this novel's protagonist from a psychoanalytic perspective, with reference to Melanie Klein's theories concerning object relations and depression.

Walt Whitman

Pioneers! O Pioneers!

An academic article by Kirsten Harris exploring this poem's correspondence with, and influence on, British constructions of socialism and democracy.
An academic article by Vanessa Steinroetter investigating the history of the publication and translation of Whitman's poem in Germany.

Oscar Wilde

The Picture of Dorian Gray

An essay by Julia Kent of the American University of Beirut which uses Wilde's novel as a means to explore the perceived differences of character depiction between English and French novels, looking in particular at the chapter on the "yellow book".
An essay by Charles C. Nickerson of Trinity College, Oxford, exploring the gestation of Wilde's novel; the article originally appeared in The Times Literary Supplement.

The Fairy Tales

An essay by Clifton Snider, a Professor Emeritus of California State University, which features a Jungian analysis of several of Wilde's stories.

Harriet Wilson

Our Nig

An essay by Katja Kanzler of the University of Leipzig looking at architectural figurations of race and gender in this novel and Harriet Jacob's Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.

Jeanette Winterson

Written on the Body

An essay by Brian Finney, a professor at California State University, which examines a range of aspects regarding this novel, including the language Winterson employs and linguistic difficulties she counters, as well as the book's critical reception.
An academic article by Michael Hardin of Bloomsburg University exploring how this novel, as well as Sylvia Molloy's Certificate of Absence and Helena Parente Cunha's Woman Between Mirrors, challenges binary constructions.

Leonard Woolf

The Village in the Jungle

A scholarly article by Mark A. Wollaeger of Washington University mainly exploring the influence of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness on this novel and its subsequent impact on Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out.

Virginia Woolf

Mrs Dalloway

An academic article by Mary Joe Hughes, a professor at Boston College, focusing on the opening scene of Mrs Dalloway with close readings of many extracts, as well as reference to the ideas of Maurice Blanchot in regards to narrative development.
A chapter from The Flight of the Mind: Virginia Woolf's Art and Manic-Depressive Illness by Thomas C. Caramagno, exploring the various narrative devices Woolf employs to convey mental illness, and the complexities of applying subjective or objective readings to Mrs. Dalloway.
Essay by Elizabeth Kimball of Temple University which sets out to clarify Heidegger's ideas on art before assessing them using Woolf's novel as a case study.

To the Lighthouse

An essay by Thomas J. Scheff of the University of California assessing the relationship between literary criticism and the social sciences through a reading of Woolf's novel, referencing commentary by Erich Auerbach, and others.
A paper by JaneMaree Maher of Monash University which discusses the central image of Woolf's novel in conjunction with theories concerning the formation of subjectivity from Melanie Klein's A Study of Envy and Gratitude.
A chapter from The Flight of the Mind: Virginia Woolf's Art and Manic-Depressive Illness by Thomas C. Caramagno, discussing the portrayal of parent-child relationships in this novel.
The text of a lecture delivered by Ian Johnston on the novel.
An essay by Erin Johnson examining Lily Briscoe from Woolf's novel and the eponymous Lady of Shallott from Tennyson's poem.


An essay by Chris Coffman, an Associate Professor at the University of Alaska, comparing the depiction of transgender individuals in Woolf's fantastical novel and the realist The Well of Loneliness by Radclyffe Hall, with an evaluation of various readings by Jay Prosser, Judith Halberstam, and others.
An essay by Elizabeth Wright of The University of St. Andrews discussing Woolf's concept of the 'androgynous mind' and how it manifests in Orlando, as well as assessing how androgyny has been theorized over the years.
A paper by Annie Sullivan exploring Woolf's unusual depiction of time in this novel.

Jacob's Room

An essay by Elizabeth A. Weston comparing the narrative strategies Virginia Woolf and John Banville employ in order to express grief and loss in Jacob's Room and The Sea respectively.
A chapter from The Flight of the Mind: Virginia Woolf's Art and Manic-Depressive Illness by Thomas C. Caramagno, examining the form and content of this novel with analysis of several excerpts.

The Waves

An essay by Josiane Paccaud-Huguet exploring the relationship between epiphany and melancholy in this novel, with reference to Kristeva, Lacan and others.
A chapter from The Flight of the Mind: Virginia Woolf's Art and Manic-Depressive Illness by Thomas C. Caramagno, discussing the intrasubjective factos and plurality of this novel.
A paper by Joseph Flanagan of the University of Helsinki which analyzes this novel through the relationship between British history and the Empire. The paper assesses several critical appraisals and features a couple of close readings.

The Voyage Out

A chapter from The Flight of the Mind: Virginia Woolf's Art and Manic-Depressive Illness by Thomas C. Caramagno, examining plot and characterization of Woolf's seemingly conventional first novel.
A scholarly article by Mark A. Wollaeger of Washington University mainly exploring the influence of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness on this novel and Leonard Woolf's earlier The Village in the Jungle.


A paper by Verita Sriratana of the University of St Andrews featuring a close analysis of this text, focusing in general on how terms such as "technology" and "place" relate to the subjectivity of the arts, and Woolf's unusual biography in particular.

William Wordsworth

The Lyrical Ballads

An academic article by Joel Pace of the University of Wisconsin on the impact of this collection on American literary and social reforms, with analysis of several poems.

Tintern Abbey

An essay by David S. Miall of the University of Alberta which argues for the importance of considering the location of this poem central to an understanding of Wordsworth's view on our relationship with nature.

I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud

An essay by Robert J. Walz of Lock Haven University analyzing this poem through a psychological exploration of Wordsworth's ego and relationship with nature.

Extempore Effusion Upon the Death of James Hogg

An academic article by Janette Currie of the University of Stirling exploring this poem and its representation of its subject.

The Haunted Tree

In this essay Tim Fulford, a Professor of English at Nottingham Trent University, presents a close reading of this poem, arguing that it should be read as an intelligent and witty contribution to contemporary political and social debate.

The Triad

An academic article by Derek Furr, an Assistant Professor of English in the Bard College Master of Arts in Teaching Program, analyzing this poem and Coleridge's 'The Garden of Boccaccio', especially in relation to their first publication in Charles Heath's Keepsake.

The Prelude

An essay by Pascale Guibert, a Senior Lecturer at the Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, examining Wordsworth's construction of landscape, with analysis of several extracts and reference to works by Deleuze, Guattari, Marc Porée and others.
An essay by Gary Farnell of King Alfred's College exploring many aspects of this work, although the psychological and literary motives for Wordsworth's lack of detail regarding his parents death in a seemingly autobiographical text is an overriding factor in the reading. With analysis of several excerpts.
An essay by Soheil Ahmed of the University of Queensland looking at the reasons and implicatons of Wordsworth's historical revisions in The Prelude.
An essay by Stuart Allen of Ohio Wesleyan University, which challenges historist readings of The Prelude and argues for a recognition of Wordsworth use of allegory.
In this essay, Joel Pace explores how Wordsworth "relates emotion, cognition and reflection in his concept of imagination" in The Prelude. Featuring several excerpts.

John Wyndham

The Day of the Triffids

An essay by L. J. Hurst featuring a comparativie analysis of this novel and George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four.