An essay by Brian Finney, a professor at California State University, providing an in-depth analysis of this novel, as well as assessing it in context, with reference to postmodern and post-colonial aspects, and critical reception in both the east and west.
An essay by Conrad William arguing that Rushdie's controversial novel questions the purity of divine revelation and the integrity of language, as well as exploring ironic tensions between secular and theological domains of discourse.
An essay by Shirley Galloway looking at many different aspects of this novel, including theoretical and historic context, literary influences, the contruction of identity, and an appraisal of how the its form and content play "with the notion of binary opposition".
An essay by Brian Finney, a professor at California State University, which presents an overview of the critical reception of this novel, as well as an in-depth analysis emphasizing its relationship to Baudrillard's concept of simulacra.
A paper by John Clement Ball of University of New Brunswick which draws on Bakhtinian theories of satire and the grotesque in an investigation of Rushdie's representation of Indian nationalist politics.
An essay by Rachel Falconer of the University of Sheffield exploring this text from the concepts of both 'metamorphosis' and 'katabasis', perspectives deriving from Virgil and Dante, and their relationship to the depiction of imperialism and colonialism in Rushdie's text.
A scholarly article by Mariam Pirbhai of the Université de Montréal which adopts Fredric Jameson's definition of globalization in an investigation of Rushdie's own exploration of globalizing processes in this novel.
An essay by Jenny Sharpe of the University of California using Rushdie's realignment of izzat and sharam to discuss issues of gender, race and class in regards to Indo-Pakistani women, as well as considering the role of the fantastic in the novel.