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by Garth Nix

An academic article by Chloe Buckley on the role of 'portal' narratives in this novel and their relationship to Lacanian theories of self and space.

The Sacred Fount
by Henry James

An essay by Thomas F. Bertonneau of Central Michigan College, discussing how James explores issues relating to religion, social revolution and art, focusing in particular on the anonymous narrators of this novel and James's The Aspern Papers, as well as Hyacinth Robinson from the same author's The Princess Casamassima.

by Gustave Flaubert

In this article Edward Fox explores some of the biographical details which influenced the writing of Salammbô.

Salt Fish Girl
by Larissa Lai

An essay by Elizabeth C. Harmer of McMaster University examining the use of myths in this novel with particular reference to Donna Haraway's essay 'A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century'.

The Same Sea
by Amos Oz

A paper by Sagit Blumrosen-Sela examining some of the literary parallels, both in terms of content and form, between this novel and Joyce's Finnegans Wake.

The Sandman
by E.T.A. Hoffmann

An academic article by Michiel Scharpé which questions Freud's reading of this story and arrives at an interpretation closer to those of Sarah Kofman and Ernst Jentsch.

The Sappho Poems
by Bliss Carman

An essay by C. Nelson-McDermott of the poems with some close reading.

by William Faulkner

A scholarly article by Manana Gelashvili, Associate Professor of the State University of Tbilisi, which examines the subject of time and how it is rendered in this novel, stating that Sartoris "is of great significance as a source-book for Faulkner's literary development."

The Satanic Verses
by Salman Rushdie

An essay by Brian Finney, a professor at California State University, providing an in-depth analysis of this novel, as well as assessing it in context, with reference to postmodern and post-colonial aspects, and critical reception in both the east and west.
An essay by Gregory J. Rubinson of the University of California exploring Rushdie's employment of The Koran as a literary intertext in The Satanic Verses.
An essay by Conrad William arguing that Rushdie's controversial novel questions the purity of divine revelation and the integrity of language, as well as exploring ironic tensions between secular and theological domains of discourse.
An essay by Shirley Galloway looking at many different aspects of this novel, including theoretical and historic context, literary influences, the contruction of identity, and an appraisal of how the its form and content play "with the notion of binary opposition".
In this paper Nick Bentley of Staffordshire University assesses the representation of urban environments in both The Satanic Verses and Iain Sinclair's Downriver.

by Ian McEwan

An essay by Lidia Vianu of Bucharest University discussing the representation of terror in this novel and its relationship to literary modernism.
An extensive review of the novel, discussing several themes, by James Wood for The New Republic.

The Sea
by John Banville

An essay by Joanne Watkiss examining the post-modern implications of this Booker prize-winning novel as well as Derridean notions of space.
An essay by Elizabeth A. Weston comparing the narrative strategies John Banville and Virginia Woolf employ in order to express grief and loss in The Sea and Jacob's Room respectively.

Season of Migration to the North
by Tayeb Salih

An essay by Brian Gibson of the University of Alberta which draws on readings of this novel as an analysis of colonial politics to focus on representations of masculinity.

The Secret Agent
by Joseph Conrad

An essay by David Mulry of Odessa College which examines the social and political climate that informed events in this novel, most notably the Greenwich Bombing of 1894.
An essay by Chang Chih-chen focusing on the revolutionist vision of Conrad's depiction of London at the end of the nineteenth-century.
In this essay Brandon Colas considers this novel as a critique of late Victorian gender roles.

The Secret Garden
By Frances Hodgson Burnett

A paper by Susan E. James exploring similarities and differences between this novel and Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights.

Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror
by John Ashbery

An essay in which Kim Howey of University College London discusses this poem and Elizabeth Bishop's 'The Gentleman of Shallott'.

Sense and Sensibility
by Jane Austen

An essay by Susannah Carson of the L'Université de Versailles investigating the paradox of silence in relation to the female characters and their perspectives in this novel, Mansfield Park, and Persuasion.
An essay by Jen Camden of the University of Indianapolis looking at the roles of primary and secondary heroines in this novel, James Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers, and Ann Radcliffe's A Sicilian Romance. Camden focuses in particular on how these women represent competing ideals of national identity and femininity.

A Sentimental Journey
by Laurence Sterne

An academic article by Mary Newbould of Cambridge University exploring many aspects of Sterne's novel, with analysis of several extracts.

The Seven Sisters
by Margaret Drabble

A review by Joanne V. Creighton of this novel and Joyce Carol Oates's I'll Take You There.

by Salman Rushdie

An essay by Jenny Sharpe of the University of California using Rushdie's realignment of izzat and sharam to discuss issues of gender, race and class in regards to Indo-Pakistani women, as well as considering the role of the fantastic in the novel.
Essay looking at the importance of memory in Shame and Martin Amis' Time's Arrow.

The Sherlock Holmes stories
by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

An extensive study by Dean Franklin "Frank" Coffman, Jr. investigating the enduring appeal of the famous detective, with reference to several stories, including The Hound of the Baskervilles and The Sign of Four.

by Charlotte Brontë

An essay by Jennifer Judge, York University, which explores Brontë's satiric criticism of mid-Victorian gendered idealogical systems, as well as investigating possible reasons for interpretive confusion of this novel.

A Sicilian Romance
by Ann Radcliffe

An essay by Jen Camden of the University of Indianapolis looking at the roles of primary and secondary heroines in this novel, Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility, and James Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers. Camden focuses in particular on how these women represent competing ideals of national identity and femininity.

The Siege of Corinth
By George Gordon Byron

An essay by David Roessel examining Byron's narrative poem and the historical events which may have influenced it, particularly concerning Lord Elgin's removal of the Parthenon marbles; with analysis of extracts from the poem.

Silas Marner
by George Eliot

An essay by Laura Emery, a lecturer at San Diego State University, and Margaret Keenan, on the roles of trauma and mastery in this novel and their psychological relationship to its eponymous protagonist.
An article by Shirley Galloway examining how the allegorical nature of this novel reveals the relationships between plot, character and symbolism.

The Sirens of Titan
by Kurt Vonnegut

An essay by Herbert G. Klein which enquires into possible genres that Vonnegut's novel could belong, evaluates various critical assessments, and looks at the relationship between Science Fiction, fantasy and postmodern fiction.

Sketches by Boz
by Charles Dickens

In this chapter from Vanishing Points: Dickens, Narrative, and the Subject of Omniscience, Audrey Jaffe examines the narrative persona the author adopts in the sketches.
An essay by Kébir Sandy exploring the presence of theatricality and the influence of popular entertainment on Dickens in this novel, as well as other early Dickens works such as The Pickwick Papers, Oliver Twist, and Nicholas Nickleby.

by Stanislaw Lem

A paper by Edward Balcerzan who describes this novel as paradoxical. The author explores language and ethnics in Solaris.
A paper by Elyce Rae Helford which examines the construction of gender in Lem's novel, predominantly from a psychoanalytic standpoint with reference to Lacan.
In this paper Manfred Geier interprets the 'fantastic ocean' in Solaris through several semantic readings, relating the linguistic ideas of various theorists.

Some Gorgeous Accident
by James Kennaway

An essay by Karla Benske of University of Glasgow examining the characters and structure of this novel, with analysis of several excerpts.

Something Leather
by Alasdair Gray

An essay by Stephen Baker examining culture and class in Gray's novel.

Songs of Innocence and of Experience
by William Blake

An essay by Joseph Byrne of the University of Maryland illustrating how Blake's text shares certain qualities with modern computer and video games.

Sons and Lovers
by D.H. Lawrence

A paper by Barbara Schapiro of Rhode Island College looking at specific scenes from this novel and The Rainbow. It is written from a very psychological perspective with a focus on Winnicott's notion of transitional experience.
An article from the Guardian newspaper by Helen Baron exploring the making of the novel which made Lawrence's name.

Sophie's Choice
by William Styron

An essay by Sylive Mathé, Université de Provence, examining some of the ambiguities of Styron's revisionist approach to Auschwitz, drawing on concepts developed in works by Primo Levi and Giorgio Agamben.

The Sorrows of Young Werther
by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

An older article by the philosopher and literary critic Georg Lukacs, hosted on It mainly assesses the role of this work within the eighteenth-century Enlightenment and as a reflection of the thinking of that era.

The Sound and the Fury
by William Faulkner

An essay by Watanabe Shinji exploring the differences between poems and novels. It looks in particular, with several close readings, at how the conventions of verse manifests themselves in Faulkner's novel.

Sour Sweet
by Timothy Mo

An essay by Mark Shackleton discussing how food - seen here as a marker of national identity - features in this novel as well as works by Salman Rushdie and Zadie Smith.

Spring Sowing
by Liam O'Flaherty

An academic article by Afroditi Panaghis of the University of Athens analyzing this short story from the psychological, as well as myth and ritual.

by Brian Aldiss

A long article by Fredric Jameson, looking closely at the concept of the 'artificial' in Starship, with some emphasis as to how the plotline of this novel characterizes it as new wave Science Fiction.

The Story of the Eye
by Georges Bataille

An essay by A.R. Roughley on the subject of surveillance and its relationship to narration in this novel, with reference to Barthes, Derrida, Hegel and Kristeva.
In this essay Elizabeth Mosimann questions notions of the rational and considers some of the transgressive aspects of Bataille's text.

Straight Man
by Richard Russo

An essay by Jamie McCulloch of Fairleigh Dickinson University looking at the literary devices Russo employs in this novel to convey comedy and tradegy in his picaresque narrative and protagonist; McCulloch also discusses works by Martin Amis, Michael Chabon, Jonathan Safran Foer, and Steve Tesich.

The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
by Robert Louis Stevenson

A scholarly article by Lisa Butler of Wilfrid Laurier University that builds on historicized readings of this novella which have focused on its engagement with the cultural developments of late-nineteenth-century Britain.
A paper by Jodey Castricano of the University of British Columbia exploring the nature of criminality through an analysis of composition, signatures and encryption in Stevenson's novella. With reference to the theories of Derrida and others.
An academic article by Nancy K. Gish discussing the role of the double in this novel.

by Margaret Avison

An essay by Ernest H. Redekop featuring several close readings of the poems.

Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town
by Stephen Leacock

A paper by Gerald Lynch focusing on the struggle between Mariposa and Mr. Josh Smith. It argues that this novel's primary tension arises from the opposition between individualist and community.

by Margaret Atwood

An essay by Jerome H. Rosenberg featuring some observations on the end of Atwood's novel.
An essay by Carole Gerson exploring how the conflict between form and experience is depicted in this novel.
In this article Jill Dawson discusses Surfacing from the perspective of a woman's spiritual journey.