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Ann Radcliffe

The Mysteries of Udolpho

An essay by Richard S. Albright, a professor of English at Shippensburg University, examining this novel in considerable depth, with an emphasis on how the concept of time is employed. Featuring analysis of several excerpts.
An academic article by JoEllen DeLucia of City University of New York discussing the heroine of this novel, as well as the Scots poetry featured throughout its narrative, from within the context of the Scottish Enlightenment.
An Essay by Harriet Blodgett exploring ideological parallels between Radcliffe's novel and Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, with particular attention to the protagonist of Udolpho and the role of sensibility in the text.
A paper by Beatrice Battaglia of the Università di Bologna exploring Radcliffe's representation of Venice in this novel, particularly her use of the picturesque, and its influence on subsequent works.

The Italian

An essay by Dale Townshend of the University of Stirling on the functions of visual and auditory effects in Gothic and Romantic aesthetics. Townshend discusses this novel, Matthew Lewis's The Monk, and the Romantics' criticism of Gothic romance.

A Sicilian Romance

An essay by Jen Camden of the University of Indianapolis looking at the roles of primary and secondary heroines in this novel, Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility, and James Fenimore Cooper's The Pioneers. Camden focuses in particular on how these women represent competing ideals of national identity and femininity.

Jean Rhys

Wide Sargasso Sea

A paper by Sylvie Maurel, examining how the uncanny motifs of Caribbean Gothic in Rhys's novel engage with her treatment of colonial history, as well as the narrative's intertextual relationship with Jane Eyre; with reference to the work of David Punter, Gayatri Spivak, and others.
An essay by Charles Sarvan of the University of Bahrain, presenting a reading of this novel from the perspective of movement and alienation, with reference to Foucault.
An academic article by Eileen Williams-Wanquet examining the ways in which the characters of Wide Sargasso Sea are trapped by the ideological discourse of Brontë's Jane Eyre and its attempts to break free from a patriarchal narrative.
An essay by Nalini Paul, University of Glasgow, which applies the cinematic concept of 'gaze', in relation to feminist film theory, to a reading of Rhys's novel
An essay by Patricia Gott, an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin, discussing female captivity and empowerment in relation to Wide Sargasso Sea, as well as Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre and Daphne Du Maurier's Rebecca.
In this essay Jennifer P. Nesbitt, an Assistant Professor at Penn State York, investigates the presence of decolonization in Rhys's novel and The Flint Anchor by Sylvia Townsend Warner.

Anne Rice

The Vampire Lestat

An essay by Shirley Galloway taking both a marxist and cultural critical approach to this novel. The analysis includes a pyschoanalytic appraisal of the protagonist.

Tale of the Body Thief

A paper by Trevor Holmes of the University of Waterloo addressing issues of gender, race and sexuality in regards to this novel's protagonists.

Samuel Richardson


A chapter from Licensing Entertainment: The Elevation of Novel Reading in Britain, 1684-1750 by William B. Warner examining this text in relation to the rise of the novel.
A paper by Bonnie Blackwell, an assistant professor at Texas Christian University, examining Richardson's novel in relation to childbirth in the eighteenth-century, as well as responding to Foucault's work on this subject in his 'The Birth of the Clinic'.
An essay by Marion Lopez-Burette, an English professor, looking at the subject of rebellion in Richardson's novel and Jane Eyre.


An essay by Clare Sims examining the factors comprising the nature of repentance in this novel, with reference to critical assessments of the narrative by James H Maddox, Rosemary Bechler and others.

Kim Stanley Robinson

Mars Trilogy

An essay by Chris Pak of the University of Liverpool adopting the theoretical approaches of Mikhail Bakhtin, Damien Broderick and Edward Said in a study of ecocriticism and terraforming in Robinson's Red Mars, Green Mars and Blue Mars.

Marilynne Robinson


A chapter from Marilyn R. Chandler's Dwelling in the Text: Houses in American Fiction discussing this novel and Toni Morrison's Beloved.

Regina Maria Roche


A scholarly article by Anthony Mandal of Cardiff University called 'Revising the Radcliffean Model'. It explores how the work of Ann Radcliffe impacted on Clermont and Austen's Northanger Abbey.

Sinclair Ross

As for Me and My House

An essay by Paul Denham examining narrative technique, focusing in particular on this texts' relationship and influence on other Canadian novels.

Christina Rossetti

Goblin Market

An essay by Clifton Snider, an Emeritus Professor at California State University which explores this poem from many angles and in great detail, with an emphasis on Jungian analysis and several close readings.

Philip Roth

The Human Stain

An academic article by G. Neelakantan of the Indian Institute of Technology examining Roth's construction of identity and its relationship to postmodern discourse.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Julie, or the New Heloise

An essay by Michelle Landauer of the University of Melbourne exploring the visualization of culture, outlining a reading of Rousseau's novel which focuses on the visual aspects of interpretation and the role of the imagination.

J.K. Rowling

Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

An essay by James Washick, an Associate Professor at North Greenville University, exploring the similarities between the origins of Lord Voldemort and the eponymous protagonist of Oliver Twist.

Arundhati Roy

The God of Small Things

An essay by Lata Mishra exploring Roy's construction of male identity, as well as the legacy of colonialism in India and the impact of modernity and globalisation.

Salman Rushdie

The Satanic Verses

An essay by Brian Finney, a professor at California State University, providing an in-depth analysis of this novel, as well as assessing it in context, with reference to postmodern and post-colonial aspects, and critical reception in both the east and west.
An essay by Gregory J. Rubinson of the University of California exploring Rushdie's employment of The Koran as a literary intertext in The Satanic Verses.
An essay by Conrad William arguing that Rushdie's controversial novel questions the purity of divine revelation and the integrity of language, as well as exploring ironic tensions between secular and theological domains of discourse.
An essay by Shirley Galloway looking at many different aspects of this novel, including theoretical and historic context, literary influences, the contruction of identity, and an appraisal of how the its form and content play "with the notion of binary opposition".
In this paper Nick Bentley of Staffordshire University assesses the representation of urban environments in both The Satanic Verses and Iain Sinclair's Downriver.

Midnight's Children

An essay by Anita Singh and Rahul Chaturvedi examining historical and genealogical representation in Rushdie's novel; with reference to the work of Michel Foucault.
An essay by Victoria Tatko analyzing the role of myth and the death of the Raj in Rushdie's Booker prize-winning novel and The Jewel in the Crown by Paul Scott.


An essay by Brian Finney, a professor at California State University, which presents an overview of the critical reception of this novel, as well as an in-depth analysis emphasizing its relationship to Baudrillard's concept of simulacra.
A paper by Justyna Deszcz looking at the utopian concept and the character of professor Malik Solanka in Rushdie's novel, as well as considering the contemporary status of the fairy-tale Utopia.
An essay by Pavlina Radia of the University of Toronto exploring the representation of Otherness and Transnational Memory in this novel and What we all Long For by Dionne Brand.

The Moor's Last Sigh

A paper by John Clement Ball of University of New Brunswick which draws on Bakhtinian theories of satire and the grotesque in an investigation of Rushdie's representation of Indian nationalist politics.
An essay by Robert Marzec looking at the nature of reading and subjectivity in the context of Rushdie's novel and the pervasive influence of the information age.

The Ground Beneath Her Feet

An essay by Rachel Falconer of the University of Sheffield exploring this text from the concepts of both 'metamorphosis' and 'katabasis', perspectives deriving from Virgil and Dante, and their relationship to the depiction of imperialism and colonialism in Rushdie's text.
A scholarly article by Mariam Pirbhai of the Université de Montréal which adopts Fredric Jameson's definition of globalization in an investigation of Rushdie's own exploration of globalizing processes in this novel.
Essay by Mark Shackleton discussing how food - seen here as a marker of national identity - features in this novel as well as works by Timothy Mo and Zadie Smith.
An extensive review of the novel by James Wood for The New Republic.


An essay by Jenny Sharpe of the University of California using Rushdie's realignment of izzat and sharam to discuss issues of gender, race and class in regards to Indo-Pakistani women, as well as considering the role of the fantastic in the novel.
Essay looking at the importance of memory in Shame and Martin Amis' Time's Arrow.

Haroun and the Sea of Stories

A paper by Eva König of the University of Zurich that challenges previous critical readings which have asserted that this novel is an allegory of Rushdie's own sufferings under the fatwa.

Richard Russo

Straight Man

An essay by Jamie McCulloch of Fairleigh Dickinson University looking at the literary devices Russo employs in this novel to convey comedy and tradegy in his picaresque narrative and protagonist; McCulloch also discusses works by Martin Amis, Michael Chabon, Jonathan Safran Foer, and Steve Tesich.