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Ann Patchett

Bel Canto

An essay by Vera Alexander of Aarhus University exploring the role of music in this novel and its relationship to literature, linking escapist aesthetics to theories of alterity and representation.

Thomas Love Peacock


An essay by Nicholas A. Joukovsky discussing the protagonist of this novel with reference to Byron and Shelley.

Caryl Phillips


A scholarly article by Sylvie Chavanelle which explores some of the parallels between the narratives of this novel's two protagonists, Cambridge and Emily.

Sylvia Plath

The Bell Jar

A paper by Venla Oikkonen of the University of Helsinki addressing representations of female madness in this novel and Janet Frame's Faces in the Water.
An essay by Jeffrey Howlett analyzing the novel with reference to Foucault and the concept of "counter-memory".


An essay by Paul Mitchell of Leeds Metropolitan University analyzing various aspects of persona in relation to Plath's poem.

Edgar Allan Poe

The Fall of the House of Usher

A chapter from Marilyn R. Chandler's Dwelling in the Text: Houses in American Fiction claiming that "the idea of the house as 'psychological space' reaches an epitome in Poe". With in-depth analysis of several excerpts from the story.

The Cask of Amontillado

An extensive analysis of the story by Elena V. Baraban of the University of Victoria exploring the motivations of the murderous protagonist, with assessments of other critical interpretations and close readings of key sections.

William Wilson

Academic article by Patrick Labriola looking at the role of the double in this short story and Hoffmann's The Devil's Elixirs, with reference to Freud's essay "The Uncanny".

John Polidori

The Vampyre

An essay by Mair Rigby of Cardiff University which explores this early vampire story and Polidori's relationship with Byron whose 'Fragment' it partially derives.

Richard Powers

Galatea 2.2

An essay by Anca Rosu exploring this novel as a subtle parody of the Pygmalion myth and as a critique of the conflict between literary studies and the sciences.

Prisoner's Dilemma

An article by Beth McFarland-Wilson which utilizes Family Systems Theory to explore how each member of the Hobson family make a significant contribution to Powers's narrative.

Annie Proulx

Brokeback Mountain

An essay by David Willbern which draws on object-relations psychoanalysis to argue that experiences from infanthood can be considered as sources for imaginative production.
In this essay Christian Lassen of the University of Tübingen explores Proulx's representation of western masculinity in the narrative of this short story.

Marcel Proust

Remembrance of Things Past

An academic article by Richard Kearney, a professor at Boston College, on the depiction and function of epiphanies in this novel and Joyce's Ulysses.

Boleslaw Prus


A paper by Inna Caron which challenges and evaluates various critical interpretations of this novel, as well as exploring the notion of 'hero', and Prus's influences.

Manuel Puig

Kiss of the Spider Woman

A study by Steffany Drozdo of the University of Kentucky asserting that Puig destroys the "binary ideological structure" proposed by several other critics as evaluations of this novel's central protagonists.

Philip Pullman

His Dark Materials

A paper by Cathy McSporran of the University of Glasgow looking at contrasting representations of God in Pullman's trilogy and C.S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia.

Thomas Pynchon

Gravity's Rainbow

An essay by Wes Chapman of Illinois Wesleyan University exploring gender issues in this novel, particularly in regards to them having a sufficient political base. There is recourse to several theorists and analysis of numerous excerpts from Pynchon's text.
An essay by Nadine Attewell of Cornell University examining Pynchon's constructions of nostalgia as well as various definitions of postmodernism.
In this essay H. Brenton Stevens assesses the role of comic books in the novel.
An essay by David Rando of Cornell University looking at Pynchon's novel in the context of the September 11th terrorist attacks.

Mason & Dixon

An essay by Justin Scott Coe of Claremont Graduate University examining various issues relating to religion and history, and their treatment in Pynchon's novel. With analysis of several excerpts from the text.
An essay by Christy L. Burns of the College of William and Mary which analyzes in detail many aspects of this novel, including the relationship between the titular characters, the author's narrative techniques, and the work's association with postmodern concepts.


In this essay by Peter Baker of Towson State University examining the postmodern concerns of this novel, as well as Don DeLillo's Mao II and Neil Jordan's film The Crying Game.
In this essay, James Berger of George Mason University looks at the role of nostalgia in Pynchon's novel.
A paper by Márk Kaposvári of the University of Szeged, looking at satire in this novel and Pynchon's portrayal of its characters.
An essay by Bruce A. Sullivan exploring this novel's treatment of the postmodern concept of 'master-narratives', with analysis of the text.

Against the Day

An essay by Bernard Duyfhuizen exploring various aspects of this text, with analysis of several extracts and comparisons with other Pynchon novels.

The Crying of Lot 49

In this essay Anindita Dutta adopts a scientific approach, involving an exploration of entropy in thermodynamics and information theory, to expound on this narrative.