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Charlotte Dacre


An essay by Helen Stoddart examining the 'Early Female Gothic' of Dacre's novel and Manfrone by Mary Anne Radcliffe.
Academic article by Jennifer Beauvais of Montrel University exploring the idea of the 'female demon' in Dacre's novel and Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights.

Mark Z. Danielewski

House of Leaves

An essay by Nele Bemong of the K.U.Leuven exploring this novel's principal characters, Navidson and his wife Karen, and how Danielewski incorporates Freud's theories of 'the uncanny' into his narrative.
An article by Martin Brick looking primarily at Danielewski's innovative use of colour in the print of this novel and the effects it has on his narrative.

Robertson Davies

The Manticore

An essay by W.J Keith examining Davies's novel in literary-critical terms with a consideration of its implementation of Jungian analysis.

James De Mille

Behind the Veil

An essay by Patricia Monk assessing this poem with several close readings.

Daniel Defoe

Robinson Crusoe

An essay by Walter Coppedge of Virginia Commonwealth University examining a variety of critical responses to Defoe's famous novel as well as a discussion of several cinematic adaptations.

Moll Flanders

A paper by Anne-Kathrin Rochwalsky of The University of Freiburg exploring narrative and structure of this early novel, particularly the role of characterization with some reference to the work of literary historian Ian Watt.


A chapter from Licensing Entertainment: The Elevation of Novel Reading in Britain, 1684-1750, by William B. Warner. It provides an extensive discussion of Defoe's novel and the cultural context from which it emerged.

Don DeLillo

White Noise

An essay by Tim Engles, an assistant professor at Eastern Illinois University, examining the issue of white racial identity in DeLillo's novel.
A paper by Jiann-guang Lin investigating the role of technology in White Noise, arguing that DeLillo's narrative is essentially postmodern, reading the novel from a science fiction context, and exploring issues of identity in an information society.
A paper by Jonathan F. Bassett, an Assistant Professor at Lander University, which draws on the psychological theories of Ernest Becker and Robert Jay Lifton for an exploration of the protagonist of White Noise.
An academic article by Bradley Butterfield of the University of Wisconsin which provides a Baudrillardian reading of DeLillo's postmodern novel.
In this academic article Haidar Eid of Rand Afrikaans University assesses the characters and themes of White Noise with particular attention to Baudrillard's concept of simulacra.
An essay by Paul Privateer of Arizona State University analyzing DeLillo's novel from within the context of how advertising media impacts on society.


An In-depth article by Jesse Kavadlo of Fordham University analysing some of the themes of the novel.
An article by Robert Castle discussing DeLillo's novel in relation to the Clinton administration and news media. It features analysis of a variety of excerpts and comparisons to several films, notably Wag the Dog and Dr. Strangelove.
An academic article by Jennifer Pincott exploring the role of technology and science, or 'techno-science', in Underworld, and how this impacts on the novel's characters. There are frequent references to the ideas of various theorists, especially Marcuse, Baudrillard, Deleuze and Heidegger.
In this essay Randy Laist of the University of Connecticut looks at postmodern realisations of the apocalypse in the Prologue of Underworld.

Mao II

A paper by Paula Martín Salván which considers this novel to be "a representative example of the narrative pattern of a writer’s resistance to the established order". It looks at postmodernism and artistic ethics in relation to DeLillo's text.
An essay by Peter Baker of Towson State University examining the postmodern concerns of this novel, Thomas Pynchon's Vineland and Neil Jordan's film The Crying Game.

End Zone

An essay by Benjamin Bird of Leeds University, evaluating the realist view of consciousness in DeLillo's second novel through an in-depth analysis of the central protagonist with recourse to several philosopical theories.

The Body Artist

An essay by Jon Roberts, a Professor at St. Thomas Aquinas College, which analyzes several excerpts from this novel.
An essay by Nicholas Royle, a Professor at the University of Sussex, providing a close reading of a passage from this novel, with reference to the work of Jacques Derrida.


An essay by Stephen Bernstein of the University of Michigan on the role of terror and fear in this novel, and DeLillo's reworking of Kantian and Burkean models of the sublime, with reference to Jameson, Lyotard and others.
An essay by Bill Millard of Rutgers University analzying various themes of Libra with reference to Chomsky, Baudrillard, and others.


A paper by Scott Rawlings of Deakin University illustrating how the behaviour of this novel's protagonist is informed by Adam Smith's neoclassical economics, with reference to Cartesian theory and Nietzsche's ideas on Christianity, civilization and ancient Greek culture.
An extensive review of the novel by James Wood, focusing on the central character as well as considering the novel's form and structure, with excerpts.

Ratner's Star

A paper by Glen Scott Allen of Towson State University investigating the role of terrorism in this novel.

Christopher Dewdney

The Natural Histories

An essay by Christian Bok exploring this work.

Philip K. Dick

The Man in the High Castle

A paper by Lorenzo DiTommaso exploring the implementation of Christian theology in the redemptive journeys the characters take in this novel.


A paper by Peter Fitting which asserts this novel to be one of the most important works of 1960s science fiction. Fitting considers some of the factors which are employed in assessing a work's literary worth before illustrating how Dick undermines these.

Dr. Bloodmoney

An academic article by Fredric Jameson examining some of this novel's themes.

The Minority Report

A paper by Irving Goh, a Visiting Fellow at Harvard University, exploring various themes relating to crime detection in this short story and Steven Spielberg's 2002 film adaptation. With reference to the theories of philosopher Jacques Rancière.

Charles Dickens

The Pickwick Papers

An academic article by Andrew Mangham looking at the role of medical science, and the impact the suicide of Dickens's illustrator, had on The Pickwick Papers.
An essay by Professor Kébir Sandy exploring the presence of theatricality and the influence of popular entertainment on Dickens in this novel, as well as other early Dickens works such as Sketches by Boz, Oliver Twist, and Nicholas Nickleby.

Bleak House

A paper by Jade Werner of Northwestern University, looking at the similarities between the characters of Mrs. Jellyby and Harold Skimpole, particularly from a perspective of competing cosmopolitanisms.
An essay by Shirley Galloway exploring some of the characters and themes, focusing in particular on Dickens's use of parallel narratives.

Oliver Twist

An essay by Professor Kébir Sandy exploring the presence of theatricality and the influence of popular entertainment on Dickens in this novel, as well as other early Dickens works such as Sketches by Boz, The Pickwick Papers, and Nicholas Nickleby.
An essay by James Washick, an Associate Professor at North Greenville University, exploring the similarities between the origins of the eponymous protagonist of Dicken's novel and Lord Voldemort, from J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.
A paper by John Robert Keller mainly focusing on Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot although it does relate certain scenes from this play to Dickens' novel.

A Tale of Two Cities

An essay by Christine L. Krueger, Professor of English at Marquette University, exploring the historical context of Dickens's novel through the application for queer theory and in relation to contemporary LGBTQ rights.

A Christmas Carol

A chapter from Victorian Literature and the Victorian Visual Imagination, called 'Spectacular Sympathy: Visuality and Ideology in Dickens's A Christmas Carol' by Audrey Jaffe. It argues that this is Dicken's most visually evocative text.
An essay by Brad Fruhauff of Loyola University exploring the enduring appeal of Dickens' narrative, drawing in particular on Julian Wolfreys’s notion of 'hauntology' and Emmanuel Levinas’s ethics of the other.
In this paper Lothar Cerny examines the idea of revisiting the past and how it is explored in A Christmas Carol.
An essay by Adelene Buckland of Newnham College exploring both the material and symbolic role of 'the fireside' in A Christmas Carol and Our Mutual Friend.

Hard Times

An academic article by Anna Dever exploring the roles of performativity, theatrical discourse, 'stage trappings', and liminal spaces in this novel and Little Dorrit.
An essay by Casey A. Cothran of Winthrop University, exploring the ways in which Dickens's novel invites the reader to think critically, with reference to Martha C. Nussbaum and others.

The Old Curiosity Shop

A chapter from Vanishing Points: Dickens, Narrative, and the Subject of Omniscience by Audrey Jaffe looking at the subject of omniscience and how it relates to narrative perspective, as well as the meaning of the word 'curiosity'.

David Copperfield

An essay by Françoise Dupeyron-Lafay looking at the form and function of language in David Copperfield, particularly how Dickens uses language as a tool for retrospection and characterization.
An essay by Clare Pettitt of King's College exploring social, cultural and historical meaning in Dickens' text, as well as "associationist" reading and "thing theory" through an examination of Peggotty's workbox.
A paper by Adam McCune of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which investigates how the themes of idleness and parasitism are juxtaposed with labour and hard work in the novel, with especial attention to the characters of Jack Maldon, Tommy and Sophy Traddles, and Caroline Crewler.
A paper by Margaret Price which examines the character of the hero's aunt, Betsey Trotwood, in Dickens's celebrated semi-autobiographical novel. Price focuses in particular on the notion of the 'masculine female'.
An academic article by George R. Clay challenging the views E.M. Forster expresses in his Aspects of the Novel regarding the role of "flat characterization". Clay looks at the roles of several 'flat characters' in this novel, as well as Austen's Pride and Prejudice and Tolstoy's War and Peace.

Nicholas Nickleby

An essay by Professor Kébir Sandy exploring the presence of theatricality and the influence of popular entertainment on Dickens in this novel, as well as other early Dickens works such as Sketches by Boz, The Pickwick Papers, and Oliver Twist.

Martin Chuzzlewit

An essay by Daniel P. Deneau of Minnesota State University, examining the character of 'old Chuffey' and his role in the narrative of this novel.

Dombey and Son

A chapter from Vanishing Points: Dickens, Narrative, and the Subject of Omniscience by Audrey Jaffe examining the author's narrative techniques in conveying the public and private spheres of the novel's characters to the reader.
An essay by Kebir Sandy, looking at the correspondence between Dickens's novel and Hablot Browne's accompanying illustrations, with reference to the work of Michael Steig, Q.D. Leavis, and others.

Barnaby Rudge

An article by Peter Ackroyd, a biographer of Dickens, mainly discussing how events in the author's life influenced the characters and narrative of this novel.

Great Expectations

An essay by Professor Michael Hollington that sets out to highlight the paradoxical nature of Dickens's famous bildungsroman novel by exploring the grotesque and tragicomic aspects of the text.
An essay by Martin Fashbaugh, of Black Hills State University, which looks at the interplay between narrative and poetic discourse and their relationship to the theme of jealosy in Dickens's novel and The Ordeal of Richard Feverel by George Meredith.
An essay by Meyrav Koren-Kuik of Tel Aviv University which explores how Dickens in Great Expectations and Le Fanu in Uncle Silas bring Gothic conventions into the domestic sphere in their novels.
An academic article by Pete Orford which identifies several science fiction tropes, such as automata and the inventor figure, to be inherent within Dickens's story.
In this essay Julianne White explores the subjects of community, stereotype and insanity in Great Expectations and George Eliot's Adam Bede.

Our Mutual Friend

An essay by Professor Kébir Sandy, which explores the character of Bella Wilfer, with analysis of several scenes from the novel.
An essay by Adelene Buckland of Newnham College exploring both the material and symbolic role of 'the fireside' in A Christmas Carol and Our Mutual Friend.
A scholarly article by Nicola Bown exploring the influence of Darwin's Origin of Species on this novel and the narrative role of Mr Venus's shop.
An essay by Sara D. Schotland of Georgetown University which discusses the character of Jenny Wren and how Dickens challenges binary oppositions in the representation of disability in the Victorian novel.
A chapter from Vanishing Points: Dickens, Narrative, and the Subject of Omniscience by Audrey Jaffe exploring the underlying ominscience of this novel's narrator.

Little Dorrit

An academic article by Anna Dever exploring the roles of performativity, theatrical discourse, 'stage trappings', and liminal spaces in this novel and Hard Times.
An essay by Anette Slifsgaard of Aalborg University which investigating the role and depiction of Victorian women in this novel.

Sketches by Boz

In this chapter from Vanishing Points: Dickens, Narrative, and the Subject of Omniscience, Audrey Jaffe examines the narrative persona the author adopts in the sketches.
An essay by Kébir Sandy exploring the presence of theatricality and the influence of popular entertainment on Dickens in this novel, as well as other early Dickens works such as The Pickwick Papers, Oliver Twist, and Nicholas Nickleby.

E.L. Doctorow

Welcome to Hard Times

A paper by Arthur Jaupaj of the University of New York exploring the rise of the new Western in the 1960s through an extensive analysis of Doctorow's short novel.

Fyodor Dostoevsky

Crime and Punishment

A section by Richard Gill of Pace University, from Dostoevsky Studies, exploring - with close readings - the notion that the bridges of St. Petersburg function as a motif reflecting the course of the protagonist's internal drama.
A section by Steven Cassedy of California University, from Dostoevsky Studies, looking at the formally controversial epilogue in Crime and Punishment.

The Brothers Karamazov

An essay by Joyce Carol Oates analysing various aspects of the novel, such as pyschology, ideas and structure. With discussion of several excerpts.
An essay by Matthew M. Wylie of Stephen F. Austin State University examining Dostoevsky's sociological and psychological representations of crime. Wylie employs Carlo Ginzburg's ideas on space and time, and their relationship with guilt and pity.
In this essay Nicholas Rourke Miller, of University of North Carolina, asserts that "the struggle between reason and faith, and its bearing on the moral psychology of the four brothers are at the heart of Dostoevsky's greatest novel".

The Possessed

An essay by Joyce Carol Oates on Dostoevsky's "most satisfactorily 'tragic' work" examines, with a selection of excerpts, several characters and scenes in the novel as well as evalauting certain criticisms of form and structure.

The Idiot

An academic article by Thomas Epstein exploring the role of memory through an examination of the characters General Ivolgin and Prince Myshkin.

The House of the Dead

An academic essay by Dr Robert Berry of the University of Otago providing a detailed examination of parallel ideology and experience in this Dostoevky novel and Conrad's Heart of Darkness.

Notes from Underground

An essay by David A. Goldfarb investigating the presence of Kant's aesthetics in this novel. With the aid of several close readings Goldfarb probes the nature of the protagonist's 'ironic individualism'.

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

The Sherlock Holmes stories

An extensive study by Dean Franklin "Frank" Coffman, Jr. investigating the enduring appeal of the famous detective, with reference to several stories, including The Hound of the Baskervilles and The Sign of Four.

Margaret Drabble

The Seven Sisters

A review by Joanne V. Creighton of this novel and Joyce Carol Oates's I'll Take You There.

Alexandre Dumas

The Count of Monte Cristo

A paper by Geoffery Winthrop-Young exploring the theme of communication in this novel, suggesting in part that it anticipated the information age.

Daphne Du Maurier


An essay by Marta Miquel-Baldellou of the University of Lleida which approaches this novel "as a neo-Victorian adaptation of Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre". With reference to Gilbert and Gubar's seminal The Madwoman in the Attic.
An essay by Patricia Gott, an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin, discussing female captivity and empowerment in relation to Rebecca, as well as Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea and Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre.

George Du Maurier

Peter Ibbetson

An essay by Athena Vrettos of Case Western Reserve University on the emerging ideas of memory and the unconscious in Victorian society, focusing on how these manifest in du Maurier's novel and other contemporaneous texts.

Sara Jeannette Duncan

The Imperialist

An extensive analysis of the novel by Peter Allen.

Lawrence Durrell

Pied Piper Of Lovers

An academic article by James Gifford of the University of Alberta on Durrell's first novel, addressing its autobiographical aspects and the subject of colonialism.

Alexandria Quartet

James Gifford's paper on the four novels considers them within the light of further developments in the field of postcolonial discourse, such as Edward Said's Orientalism, as well as Nietzsche's world view.